?????????  >  ????  >  ????

?????????|? ????????TPP

??: ???????     ??: 2020?10?20? 00:12

????????????????????11135113???Q?3007952993????????,???????,?????,?????,???????,pc/???28,????1O/5?????,????????????????????,??????,??1OO%,??????????!mdjqY???????1.8???? ???????????


null

???:?????????????,???????

1144?12?24?,????,???????????,?????????,?????????11?28??,??????????????????????(?????????)????,???????????,??????,?????????????,?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,???????

1135????????,??????????????,?????????,????????,??????????????,?????????,?????????,????????

???????????????,???????,????????????????(??????????1?7?,???????????12?25?,???????1?7?,???????),?????????,?????????????,?????????????????????????,??????,????????????????????,???????????????,??????,?????????,??????,???????,?????????????,??????????

?????????????

??????????????,???????,??????????????,????????????????????????,?????????(???????????)???(Hugh)??????,???????????????

??????,1145??1153????

???????,??????????????????:???????????????????,??????????????????????????,????????(???????)???????????????,??????,???????????,??????????????,???????????????,?????

????????????,??1493?

???????,??????????????(???????????,??????????),????????????(Magi,????,??????????????????????),???????,????????????????(??????????,?????,????????)???,??????

????????????,??1890?

?????????????????,???????????????,?????????????,??????????????,????????????,??????????????????,??????????????????,??????????,???????

??8?????10??????????

????

??,??????????????????????,????????????????????????,??????????????????????????????:?????????,????????????1141?,????????????,?????????????????????????,????????????,???????,??????,?????????

????????

??????????,????????????????????????,??????????,???????????,????????????????????,???????,???????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????,??????????????,???????????????,?????????

1160?????????

???????????????????,???????????????????????,?????????????????????????,???????????????????????????

??????????,?????????????????

??????

???????????,??????????????,???????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????,???????????,?????????????????????,??????????????????????????????,???????????????

????????,???????????????????????,????????????????,?1174???????????,???????????,???????????,????????,????????????????????????????????????????

1193????????????

1187?,??????????,?????????????????????????????????????????????????,?1189???????????,??????,??????????????????,????????????,???????????????,?????????,?????????????????????,??????

??????????????,??1850?

?????????????????????????,??????,?????????????????????????????,???????????????????:1221?,??????????(Jacques de Vitry)???????????,???????,????????,?????????????????(?????????????)?????????????,???????,??????????????????????

1190??1220????????????

????????

???????????????????,????????????,????????,?????????,??????????????????????????????????,????????,??????????????????????????????????,?????????,??????????????????,?????????????

???????,??????

??????????,??????????,???????????????????????????????????????????,???????????????????,??????????????????

?????????????????

????????????,???????????????????????????,?????????????????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????,??????;??????????,???????????????????,??????????????????,???????????????????????????????,????????????????????

?????????,??1503?

??????????????????,????????????????,??????????????????????????,?????????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????????(???????,????),????????,???????????,????????????????????

????????????????????????????

?????

????7???????????????????,?????????????????????????????,????11???,????????????????

???????????????(????)??,???????????????????781????

1007??1012??,?????????????????,?????,??????????????????,??????,????????(Sergius)??,???:?????,?????,????????????????????,??????????,??????????,???????

????????????

???,?????????????????,???????????,???????????????,????????,???????,????????(????)?????????????

????????

??????????,???????(?????????)???????????,????????????,????????????????,??????2??????,?????????????????????????????,????????,??????????????

????????????????????????

???????????????,???????????????????????????????(Toghrul),????(?????)???(?????,??????)?1130?????????????,???????????????????,??????????????,???????????13???,????????????????,????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????,?????1165????????????

1207?????????,???????????,????????????,????????????????????

????????????,?????????,?????????????????????,?????????,????????????????????,?????????????,???????????????,????????????,???????????????????????,???????,???????,?????

????????????????,????,???????????????????????????,?????????????,??????????????????????????????,????????????????????,??????,????,??????????,????????????????????????,???1185??????

2004??????????????????

????,?????????????,???????,??????????????????,??????????????,???????????,??????????,????????????,??????????,????????,?????

???????????????????,????????,?????????????,????????,???????????????,????1203??????????,????????????????,?????????,?????????,??????????????????,????????????

??????????????,??15??

1203??,????????,????8000???????,???????????,?????????,????????????????????,???????????????????????????

??????,??????????,???????????????????,????????????????????????????????????,?????????????,?????????????????

??????????????????

????????

??????????????,??????????????????????????????????????,??1241?4???????????????,??????????????????,???????????????????????,??????,??????,?????????????

?????????????,??13?14??

1245?,??????????????(Giovanni da Pian del Carpine)?????,????????????????,??????????????,???????????,??????????????????,???????????????

?????4?16??????,??????????????,??????,???????????????????????,?????7?22???????????,????????????,?????????8?24?,???????????,??????????,???????????

????,?????????

???????????,??????????,????????????,???????????????????1247?11?????,??????,?????,????????????????????????????

???????????????

???????????????????????,????????????????????,??????????????,????????????????????,????????????????????????????,??????????????????????????????????????????

????:

1.Halsall, Paul (1997). "Otto of Freising: The Legend of Prester John". Internet Medieval Sourcebook. https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/source/otto-prester.asp ???2018/08/10

2.Silverberg, Robert, The Realm of Prester John, Ohio University Press, 1996 (paperback edition) ISBN 1842124099

3.Bowden, John (2007). A Chronology of World Christianity. Continuum Books. ISBN 9780826496331.

4.Rossabi, Morris (1992). Voyager from Xanadu: Rabban Sauma and the first journey from China to the West. Kodansha International Ltd. ISBN 4770016506.

5.Jackson, Peter (2005). The Mongols and the West: 12211410. Longman. ISBN 9780582368965.

6.Gumilev, Lev (1970).Searching for an Imaginary Kingdom : The Legend of the Kingdom of Prester John

7.Chua, Amy (2007). Day of Empire: How Hyperpowers Rise to Global Dominance. ISBN 9780385512848.

8.??,?(2002-2)????????? ???????,????,ISBN 9787101029420

9.???,???? ? (2017-1)?????(??),????????,ISBN 9787204083695



????:????????? ???????
????:??2???39??????? ?????????
????:??????? ?????????
????:??????????????????????? ????????
????:????????????? ??????????????
????:???????,???????????
????:????? 2016WTA???
????:????????(?) Instagram????????

???:? ? ??
????:????? ?ICP?05070829 ?????4400000131
??:????? ??:???????????? ??:?????
????1024768??? IE7.0???????